A Summary of a Study on Genetic distnictness of a Kangal Dog:
“Kangal dogs are the most popular dogs of Turkey due to their strength, intelligence, loyalty, endurance to extreme temperatures and their lack of predatory behavior towards livestock. In this study to provide genetic information about the distinctness of Kangal and Akbash dogs and hence to provide a basis to conserve them separately, 585 base pair of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequence was analysed in 105 Kangal and 9 Akbash dog samples.
All the results indicated that Kangal and Akbash dogs were different from each other. Comparison of the Turkish data with those from other dogs revealed that Kangal dogs harbour a rare haplogroup which is only seen in Scandinavian (36%), Portuguese (20%), Turkish (20%) dogs and only one Spanish dog, but not in Akbash, Middle Eastern, other European, Eastern Asian and Indian dogs. Furthermore, comparison of the Kangal and Akbash dogs with the dogs from different geographic regions indicated that Kangal dogs are genetically closer to Scandinavian and South West Asian dogs whereas Akbash dogs are more similar to European and East Asian dogs, based on the mtDNA control region sequences Today, the sizes of Kangal and especially Akbash populations are decreasing.
An urgent program for their conservation is needed. In order to conserve them separately, it must be understood that these two dogs are genetically distinct. That is why, the main purpose of the present study is to provide genetic information about the distinctness of Kangal and Akbash dogs.”
Source: METU (Middle East Technical University) looking at Kangal dog, Akbash dog, canine, mtDNA, genetic distnictness; written by: Gökçek, Çiğdem. Mitochondrial dna (mtdna) sequence analyses of Kangal Dogs in Turkey [Electronic resource] / Çiğdem Gökçek Supervisor Prof. Dr. İnci Togan
Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences:
Growth Characteristics of Kangal and Akbaş Turkish Shepherd Dogs
Cafer TEPELİ, Orhan ÇETİN, Şeref İNAL, Kemal KIRIKÇI, Alper YILMAZ/ Selçuk Üniversitesi, Veteriner Fakültesi, Zootekni Anabilim Dalı, Konya – TÜRKİYE Abstract: This study was performed to compare the growth characteristics of Kangal and Akbaş Turkish shepherd dogs. Live weight records of 141 puppies at birth, 86 puppies at weaning, 68 puppies at 6 and 12 months of age and four different body measurements of 68 dogs at different ages were used for determining growth characteristics. The least squares method was used for statistical analysis. Least squares mean weights of Kangal and Akbaş puppies at birth, weaning, and 6 and 12 months of age were:
- birth: 557.21 and 506.95 g,
- weaning: 5657.35 and 4457.70 g,
- 6 months: 21.58 and 19.38 kg,
- 12 months: 40.89 and 37.66 kg, respectively.
- At age 1 year, in Kangal and Akbaş dogs, the average shoulder height was 70.54 and 65.91 cm, rump height was 71.27 and 66.66 cm, body length was 64.05 and 59.43 cm, and body circumference was 78.10 and 71.86 cm, respectively. In conclusion, it was determined that Kangal dogs were superior to Akbaş dogs with respect to all growth characteristics (P < 0.05).